Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Getting an Italian Tattoo

Youve finally decided to get a tattoo. A tattoo in Italian, no less. Why not? Foreign language tattoos have a certain cachet—many people dont know what they say, lending the tattoo a certain sophistication or flair. But thats the point. Many people, including the tattoo artist, dont understand what the tattoo says, and a simple slip of the needle can turn love (amare) bitter (amaro). Italian Tattoos Are Forever Beware: an Italian tattoo is forever. On an episode of Miami Ink on TLC, a customer went to a tattoo parlor and, being Italian American, wanted per sempre tattooed vertically down his forearm from elbow to wrist. He told the tattoo artist it meant forever and gave him the drawing he made himself. The tattoo artist, who did not know Italian, proceeded to finish the tattoo as drawn. When finished, the customer looked at it in horror! Written on his arm was pre sempre—which has no meaning in Italian. The customer had spent much effort in making the lettering artistic that he spelled it wrong. The tattoo artist was able to fix the error, but it was a costly mistake. Context Is King If youre thinking about getting an Italian tattoo (in Italian: farsi fare un tatuaggio—to have oneself tattooed, to be tattooed) one thing to consider is context. A trendy phrase in English might not mean anything in Italian or, worse, require a bit of linguistic gymnastics to render the term comprehensible in Italian. In addition, there may be no cultural reference. For instance, keep it real is a popular American pop culture term—but its a phrase that has no resonance in Italian everyday life. In fact, if Italians were to use the term, theyd say it in English to indicate their knowledge of American pop culture. Character Counts Another consideration when getting a tattoo, obviously, is whether it fit on your ankle, bicep, back, or wherever else youve decided you want the image. If there is text involved, be aware that Italian translations of English phrases and terms are typically longer—both the words themselves and the total number of words. Either the font size of the letters will have to be smaller to fit the same area, or you will have to bulk up that bicep so thats theres more skin to ink! If An Italian Tattoo Is A Must If youre absolutely, positively convinced that you want an Italian tattoo, consult a native Italian speaker. Better yet, ask a few Italian speakers and get a range of opinions about both the grammatically correct translation of the term or phrase youre considering, and also whether it has any significance in Italian. This way you wont have an Italian tattoo permanently etched into your skin that, although it makes sense literally, isnt part of everyday speech. Whatever you do, avoid online automatic translators—they are notorious for rendering incomprehensible statements. And make sure the tattoo artist understands exactly how the word or phrase should read before beginning his work. A Picture Paints A Thousand Words Walk into the Sistine Chapel and one of the lasting images is the brilliance of the colors on the walls and ceilings. Now imagine what an Italian Renaissance artist could accomplish with a broad expanse of back, a forearm, or thigh. Thats an Italian tattoo that wouldnt require translation—the vivid colors and dramatic personae would tell a story better than any phrase rendered into Italian, and would be unique as well. That might be the best Italian tattoo anyone could design and execute.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Drives Human Thought And Action Is A Goal Of All...

Having the ability to successfully understand what drives human thought and action is a goal of all philosophers. Throughout time there has been a progressive movement to transition the philosophical thought patterns we can trace through a society to one that is based on more scientific reason. But through science we are not able to fully understand all scenarios due to outside influences that may hinder a specific action. Moving away from the scientific approach, we can utilize the ideas that history has taught us. From ancient Greece to current modern philosophy, the idea of our will and how we act upon that will has been identified as an action through either our moral or religious values. Nietzsche would want us to believe that it†¦show more content†¦The first driver is our will. Our will is ultimately what actions we take that will result in a good outcome. This outcome will not necessarily be the good for all that is involved within an action, but the overall g ood is reflected within the action itself. The second driver is power. Power is a continuous goal that many possess and can be traced throughout our history to reflect our personal and religious beliefs. How religious beliefs are encapsulated within one’s life can be a driving factor to where they want to be in life and what actions they will take to fulfill those actions. God is seen as the most powerful aspect of Christianity. With humans being created in his image, Nietzsche would find our values to be driven by this goal to do good in order to advance ourselves in the eyes of the church. When we think of the will to power relating to the church, Nietzsche’s view of the oppressed common man would show a negative view of how a group can take their will to power and utilize their herd mentality to try to achieve the highest role within society. When Nietzsche would show how Jewish development within the church tried to utilize the power of priestly morality to become good, he would allow for a prejudice view of the Jewish people utilizing their own beliefs to become noble within the church. This nobility would bring forward a group that wanted to develop a greater good through advances in

Oprah Winfrey Biography Essay Example For Students

Oprah Winfrey Biography Essay Oprah Winfrey is one of the highest ranked talk-show host. She managed to revolutionize the tabloid talk-show genre like never before. Actress, writer, producer, and talk-show host, Oprah Winfrey has become one of the worlds most influential person and the richest African American of the 20th century (Woopidoo) I chose Oprah because I think she is a great person who helps other people who are in need. She chooses to share her success with the people who got her to where she is now. Orpah (Oprah) Gail Winfrey was born on January 29, 1954 in Kosciusko, Mississippi(Wiki). For the first 6 years of her life, she lived with her grandmother while her mom lived in Milwaukee, Wisconsin(Wiki). Oprah was considered a gifted child. She began to read at the age of three and therefore skipped kindergarten and went straight to first grade. Her grandmother was also extremely poor which caused her to wear potato sacks as dresses, this caused her to be nicknamed ?sack girl?(E!) At the age of six she moved with her mother in Milwaukee(Wiki). Since her mother worked all of the time she hardly paid attention to Oprah. As a result she was molested by her cousin, her uncle, and a family friend at the age of nine(Wiki). Oprah became very rebellious and promiscuous. She became pregnant at the age of fourteen but her son died shortly after being born(E!). Her mother was so frustrated with her that she was sent to live with her father in Nashville, Tennessee(Woopidoo). Her father, Vernon , was very strict yet loving. He made her read a book each week and write a repot on it. As a result Oprah started to succeed in high school and even entered and won several pageants(Oprah.com) Oprah studied at Tennessee State University and received a BA in Speech and Performing Arts(Wiki). Oprah?s career in the media industry began as a news anchor and reporter for a television station in Nashville(Wiki). She was the first African American woman television news anchor to work in Nashville on the WTVF-TV station at the age of 19(Oprah.com). She was the moved to People are Talking at WJZ-TV in Baltimore where she was able to share her feelings about topics that moved her (wiki). In 1984, Oprah Winfrey became host of AM Chicago(E!). After much success the show was renamed ?The Oprah Winfrey Show?(E!). After the show was renamed, Oprah started to make shows that related to middle-class Americans. After much success she formed her own production company, Harpo Studios Inc. (Oprah spell ed backwards)(Wiki). Oprah publishes two magazines:?O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home and has also co-authored five books. In 2002 Fortune ?called?O, the Oprah Magazinethe most successful start-up ever in the industry?(E!). In 1985, Oprah co-starred in Steven Spielberg?s The Color Purple (E!) Here, she portrayed the part of Sofia, the distraught housewife. The following year Oprah was nominated for an?Academy Award?for?Best Supporting Actress, but lost to?Anjelica Huston(E!). The Color Purple?has been made into a Broadway musical which opened 2005, with Oprah as the producer(Oprah.com). In October 1998 Oprah produced and starred in the film?Beloved(E!). Unfortunately, Beloved?opened to poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million (E!). Oprah is?considered the richest woman in entertainment. At age 41Oprah, with a net worth of $340 million, and replaced?Bill Cosby?as the only African American on the?Forbes 400(E!). Oprah has been called the worlds most powerful woman by?CNN?and one of the most influential person of 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008? by?Time. In 1998 Oprah became the first woman and first African American to top?Entertainment Weeklys list of the 101 most powerful people in the entertainment industry (E!) Oprah Winfrey is well known for her philanthropy. In 1998 Oprah began ?Oprah?s Angel Network? a charity that encourages people around the world to make a difference in the lives of the underprivileged. (Oprah.com) She donated a huge chunk of money to Harold Washington Library in Chicago(Wiki). She also sent food and water to the victims of hurricane Katrina (E!) She also helps? build homes for people with low income. In 1990, the NAACP honored Oprah with 4 awards (E!) In the autumn of 2004 during her show each member of the audience received a new?G6?sedan, the 276 cars were donated by?Pontiac (Woopidoo)Oprah Winfrey had and has an impact on me and others. She is a very inspiratio nal person. She easily identifies herself with anyone and is also a great influence. As time goes by Oprah will become an even bigger American Icon. .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .postImageUrl , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:hover , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:visited , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:active { border:0!important; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:active , .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; we bkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:hov er .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left: 18px; top: 0; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765 .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2b0a2e8624e3db926212c6aeb5e46765:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Good Vs. Evil in The Adventures Of Huckleberry Fin Essay

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Police Corruption Essay Example

Police Corruption Paper According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy corruption is defined as the abuse of power by a public official for private gain. Police corruption is the abuse of power by a police officer for their own personal gain. Police officers become corrupt mainly for monetary gain because most feel that police officers do not make enough money and they want to make more. Police corruption can be costly to society and it can even violate the rights of society. Police corruption can show favoritism to some and unfairness to others. If the people of our society would ban together and stop thinking about themselves, then there could be a chance to eliminate the corruption caused by police. There are several kinds of police corruption; there are reasons why other officers tolerate corruption, there are ways to reduce or even eliminate corruption, and there are different effects that police corruption can have on society. In the instance of noble-cause corruption, the utilitarian philosophy of the ends justify the means is employed. The drive is a â€Å"profound moral commitment to make the world a safer place to live (Axia ADJ 235 Ethics in Crime and Justice Chap. . p. 197). The logic behind this concept is that officers sometimes (maybe even frequently) employ unethical means to catch criminals because they believe it is right to do so. A police officer has the power through use of his or her discretion to determine culpability and in doing so possibly altering the life of a criminal suspect. Discretion is a n ecessary element in law enforcement, but the need for discretion also leads to a greater dependence on individual ethical codes in place of rules and laws. We will write a custom essay sample on Police Corruption specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Police Corruption specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Police Corruption specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Arguably, police utilize their discretionary power to enforce societal desires for order and crime control. The pressure for order and crime control may lead to the use of illegal means to achieve these goals. Here, corruption may be tolerated and left undisclosed to make an arrest and get a conviction. The concept of noble-cause corruption and the Dirty Harry problem are examples of why corrupt behaviors may not be reported. Author C. Klockars (1983) suggests that using immoral means to reach a desired moral end is an irresolvable problem and inevitable circumstance for officers. There will be situations where officers know a â€Å"dirty act† will result in a good end, there are no other means to achieve the good end, and the â€Å"dirty act† will not be in vain (Chp. 8. p. 213). In a Dirty Harry problem scenario, an officer has a suspect detained, and knows a victims life is in jeopardy. If the officer can obtain the victims location, a life could be saved, but the suspect is not talking. The officer then uses means deemed necessary to obtain information of the victims location from the suspect. Although immoral acts may be imposed on the suspect, there is a chance to save a life. This could be a reason for officers not reporting corrupt behavior. Undercover work and interacting with informants also require use of discretion. To infiltrate a criminal organization that has a hierarchy it may be required to do away with a code of conduct, otherwise to stick out like a sore thumb. These breaches of conduct and practices of what may be considered corrupt by others are necessary to get to the top of a criminal hierarchy. Such conduct cannot be reported, for the sake of the officer or informants lives; or to blow a case. Being at the forefront of the criminal justice system and first responders to incidents police officers are exposed to the effects of humanities’ worst side. A fresh recruit may soon realize that dishonesty and corruption are relegated not only to those who are commonly considered to be criminals. An officer can and does meet people with good reputations who practice deception and dishonesty. The general conditions of police work can influence an officers moral fortitude. Officers become intimately familiar with the ways people prey on each other. Officers can recall specific instances of good people being dishonest. They witness defrauding insurance companies with false claims, obtainment of goods or services without payment, or a citizen lying to an officer to protect others. There are disparities between what is illegal and what the public expects to be enforced; victimless crimes such as gambling are condoned in some communities and treated lightly by those courts. Officers also can see their efforts marginalized by other agents in the criminal justice system and society. Authors Meier and Close (2003) explain it this way: Constant exposure to public immorality and the failure of the criminal justice system frequently create within police officers a cynical attitude toward their work and the general public. In the limitless encounters where the officers discretion is the basis for action, this cynicism may lead an officer to manipulate the law in the name of expediency or for personal gain. This cynicism is developed by a conflict in the role officers are to play. Officers feeling this way would not be inclined to report corruption. The necessity of counting on a partner or other officers is paramount in police work. Loyalty and solidarity are crucial to safety and effectiveness because officers operate on the ethical fringes of society. Only other officers can truly understand the reactions of an officer who makes split-second decisions in an environment that has a great potential to turn violent at any time. Considerable leeway must be accorded police officers in such situations, and every police officer depends on his or her fellow officers to accord them that leeway in giving statements or testifying before a tribunal or the court (Westwood. 2001. p. 1para. 3). When witnessing corruption of fellow officers, an officer must decide whether or not to put the officer in questions loyalty to at risk by reporting corruption. Needing the loyalty of a fellow officer for backup at anytime would be a reason to not report corruption. Police corruption affects many parts of society and public views of law enforcement aren’t always a positive view. Citizens of the United States people would like to think Police officers are doing their jobs and upholding the ethics they are sworn to, this can be a false outlook on law enforcement. With the rise of police corruption and the worry of unlawful force used by law enforcement, the public has trouble trusting the police. Without the trust of the citizens, security measures are threatened and many crimes go undiscovered. Police corruption fuels transnational crime and impacts the economic growth and good governance. Draining our resources and causing lack of trust within the community affects how every individual reacts to law enforcement. On the campus of UCLA a rule that every student must present a student ID card after 11 pm to occupy the library was in affect and when one student failed to present his ID card officers tased the student to the point he dropped to the ground. After Police ordered the student to stand and he replied that he couldn’t, officers continued to tase the student. By standers watched as the student never resisted from the police, but was treated as if he had committed a violent crime (The Stanford Daily, 2006). Events such as this, makes American citizens nervous to come into any contact with law enforcement. Unlawful use of power is huge part of police corruption. Police corruption causes such a ripple in the justice system that other officers have a hard time trusting each other. Police corruption compromises the safety of the citizens and allows outsiders to find a way in. When the public has knowledge of law enforcement committing crime it causes a lack of respect for laws in the United States. â€Å"Police Corruption is also a violation of human rights as it denies some very basic rights to the citizens. The fundamental right of being protected by a law enforcing agency mainly constituted for this purpose is being denied by the prevailing corruption. † (PUCL Bulletin, 2007). Police corruption is a complex phenomenon, which does not readily submit to simple analysis. It is a problem that has and will continue to affect us all, whether we are civilians or law enforcement officers. Since its beginnings, many aspects of policing has changed; however, one aspect that has remained relatively unchanged is the existence of corruption. Police corruption has increased dramatically with the illegal cocaine trade, with officers acting alone or in-groups to steal money from dealers or distribute cocaine themselves. Corruption within police departments falls into 2basic categories, which are external corruption and internal corruption. In simple terms, corruption in policing is usually viewed as the misuse of authority by a police officer acting officially to fulfill personal needs or wants. For a corrupt act to occur, three distinct elements of police corruption must be present simultaneously: 1) misuse of authority, 2) misuse of official capacity, and 3) misuse of personal attainment. (Dantzker, 1995: p. 157). The reason is simple. There deviance elicits a special feeling of betrayal. Most studies support the view that corruption is endemic, if not universal, in police departments. The danger of corruption for police and this is that it may invert the formal goals of the organization and may lead to the use of organizational power to encourage and create crime rather than to deter it. Sherman 1978: p. 31). General police deviance can include police bribery, police brutality, police misconduct and intimidation. Police brutality is the intentional used of excessive force, usually physical, but potentially also in the form of verbal attacks and psychological intimidation, by a police officer. Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct, which include fal se arrest, racial profiling, surveillance abuse, and sexual abuse. Police officers are legally permitted to use force, and their superiors expect them to do so when appropriate. In dealing with disorderly elements of the society, some people working in law enforcement may gradually develop an attitude or sense of authority over society, in some cases the police believe that they are above the law. (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Policebrutality) Police misconduct refers to objectionable actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties, which can lead to a miscarriage of justice. Types of misconduct are: False confessions, False arrest, Falsified evidence, Political corruption, racial profiling, Sexual abuse and Surveillance abuse. False arrest is a common law tort, where a plaintiff alleges he or she was held in custody without probable cause or without an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction. ?Falsified evidence, forged evidence or tainted evidence or misleading by suppressing evidence unfavorable for the police, is used to either convict an innocent person, or to guarantee conviction of a guilty person. Some evidence i s forged because the person doing forensic work finds it easier to fabricate evidence than to perform the actual work involved. The planting of a gun at a crime scene would be used by the police to justify a shooting, and avoid possible prosecution for manslaughter. (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Falsication of evidence). Police agencies, in an attempt to eliminate corruption have tried everything from increasing salaries, requiring more training and education, and developing polices which are intended to focus directly on factors leading to corruption. Controlling corruption from the departmental level requires a strong leadership organization, because corruption can take place any where from the patrol officer to the chief. The top administrator must make it clear from the start that he and the other members of the department are against any form of corrupt activity, and that it will not be tolerated in any way, shape, or form (http://www. esrf. kabissa. org/corru/messages/242. html). In order to prevent corruption or reduce the likelihood of its occurrence, we must first identify and eliminate its cause. Although the causes of corruption seem to be as diverse as are its manifestations, one common aspect that appears to be consistent is that of a lapse of integrity. Webster’s dictionary defines integrity as â€Å"Firm adherence to a code or standard of values. † â€Å"First, a person of integrity has a reasonably coherent and relatively stable set of core moral virtue. Second, the person’s actions and speech tend to reflect those principles. Integrity in the context of police work should amount to the sum of the virtues required to bring about the general goals of protection and service to the public. † (U. S. Department of Justice, 1997) The issue of integrity should be addressed at several times in an officer’s career. To begin with the right people have to be hired. One must hire people that have a record of high integrity. Serious in depth background checks should be standard procedure. Integrity needs to be stressed in all careers at every level. Managers and supervisors need to understand the signs to watch for and be honest with their employees. Supervisors should emphasize the importance of honesty and hold employees accountable to following rules and procedures as well as being productive. (Captain Williams, LAPD) Random integrity checks should be done. These checks can include but are not limited to planting large sums of money or leaving narcotics in plain sight in a station locker room or patrol car to see if the officer will properly report it. Some other steps towards eliminating police corruption might be: Higher standards in recruitment and screening Reforming recruit training Increasing professional pride Police management responsibility Revised anti-corruption policies Preventive Control Internal Accountability Tighter supervision Abolish procedures encouraging corruption Punitive control Detection Probing police activities (using informants, wiretaps, and corruption patrols Most police officers have high levels of personal and professional integrity. If or when their misuse or abuse of power corrupts that integrity, whether it is from a desire for personal gain, or out of a desire to protect and serve, society as a whole suffers. With thorough investigations into the extent and nature of corruption, specific actions can be identified, which in turn can reduce the number of instances of corruption, identify and effectively and appropriately punish the offenders. Police corruption has many faces. Police officers may feel the need to break the law in order to protect fellow officers or family and friends. This form of police corruption may seem mild in comparison to officers breaking the law for greed and self-gratification. Officers have a code of honor they live by. Their code is to protect weak against oppression, the peaceful against violence. Respect the constitutional rights of all, be courageous in danger, have self-restraint and be mindful of others welfare. He will live an exemplary life obeying laws and regulations. He will not break a person’s confidence unless it is necessary to perform his duty (culcom. et). This ethical code was created so every law enforcement official would take an oath to uphold the law and be responsible for his actions. They are a written law they must live by. Then there is the code of silence. This code is one that officer’s use among them as a pact. Officer’s loyalty is for each other. They are not to snitch each othe r out. If they do, they will be subjected to harassment and bullying. There are many ways police corruption can be taken care of, but the reality is that many officers will continue to break the law for the very reason that they enforce the law and think themselves as being invincible. References: (2005). Corruption. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved August 22, 2008 from http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/corruption/. University of Phoenix Axia College (Ed. ). (2007). Ethics in Crime and Justice: Ethics and Law Enforcement Practices. Chapter 8. [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. Copyright 2005 Thomson / Wadsworth. Retrieved December 29, 2007,from Axia College ADJ 235—Ethics and the Administration of Justice Meier. N. , Close. D. (2003). Morality in Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Ethics. Wadsworth Group. Belmount Ca. Downloaded from U. f Phoenix rEbook collection on April 9, 2008. Westwood. J. (2001). Police Culture and the Code of Silence. Retrieved August 18, 2008 from http://www. opcc. bc. ca/Reports/2001/POLICE%20CULTURE%20AND%20THE%20CODE%20OF%20SILENCE. pdf Kerwin, J. (November 2006). Op-Ed: Why I don’t trust the Police. The Stanford Daily. Retrieved August 18, 2008, from http://daily. stanford. edu/article/200 6/11/17/opedWhyIDontTrustThePolice. Singh, A. (Feburary, 2007). Police Corruption. PUCL Bulletin. Retrieved August 18, 2008, from http://www. pucl. org/Topics/Police/2007/police-corruption. html http://enwikipedia. rg/wiki/Intimidation http://www. esrfkabissa. org/corru/messages/242html Sherman1978p. 31 Dantzker, 1995 p. 157 Captain Williams, Gary, Commanding Officer of LAPD Pacific Division. Interview by Author, Paolo Mauro, May 01, 2000. Robinson, Matthew B. (2005) Justice Blind? Ideals and Realities of American Criminal Justice 2e, University of Phoenix eBook Library U. S. Department of Justice, â€Å"Police Integrity, Public Service with Honor† Jan 1997; From, http://www. NCJRS. org/pdffiles/163811. pdf Law Enforcements Code of Ethics. Retrieved, August 25, 2008, from, http://www. culcom. net/~lake/policecodeofethics. html

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Using the Spanish Word Seguro

Using the Spanish Word Seguro As a cognate of the English word secure, seguro has most of the meanings of secure as well as a few of its own. It is used most often to refer to safety, security, dependability, and certainly, concepts that overlap. The most common translations are secure, safe, and certain, although others are possible. Seguro Referring to Safety Some examples of seguro as an adjective referring to safety: Segà ºn las estadà ­sticas, el avià ³n es el medio de transporte ms seguro. (Statistically, the airplane is the safest form of transport.)Los padres quieren saber que son seguros los juegos que estn jugando sus hijos.  (The parents want to know that the games their children are playing are safe.)El hotel cerca del aeropuerto es el à ºltimo lugar seguro. (The hotel near the airport is the ultimate safe place.)Necesito un silloncito seguro para el bebà ©. (I need a safe chair for the baby.)Haz tu casa segura para tu familia. (Make your home safe for your family.) ¿Alguien sabe de una fuente segura de medicina? (Does anyone know of a safe source of medicine?) Seguro Related to Security Seguro is commonly used as an adjective when referring to various kinds of security, both physical and virtual: Sus datos estarn seguros. (Your data will be secure.)La ciudad tiene una estacià ³n de trenes segura y accesible. (The city has a secure and accessible train station.)Los telà ©fonos mà ³viles ya no son seguros. (Cellphones still arent secure.)La Sala de Situaciones de la Casa Blanca posee sistemas de comunicaciones seguras. (The White House Situation Room has secure communications systems.) ¿Se puede lograr que una ciudad sea segura contra los terroristas que utilizan vehà ­culos como armas? (Can a city achieve being secure against terrorists who use vehicles as weapons?) Other Meanings for Seguro In some contexts, seguro can refer to reliability or trustworthiness: No puedo arriesgar la vida de mis hombres en un plan poco seguro. (I cant risk the life of my men on an undependable plan.)Necesito respuestas seguras porque me muero de nervios. (I need reliable answers because Im dying of anxiety.)La biometrà ­a est creciendo como mà ©todo seguro de identificacià ³n de usuarios. (Biometrics is in creating as an effective  method of user identification.) Seguro can refer to certainty: La etimologà ­a de la palabra no es segura. (The etymology of the word isnt certain.)No estoy seguro de cà ³mo ayudar a alguien con problemas financieros. (Im not sure how to help someone with financial problems.)Pasaron tres o cuatro minutos, no estoy seguro.  (Three or four minutes passed, Im not sure.) Note again that the meanings above can overlap, and context may be necessary to determine what is meant. For example, one of the  sentence above - Los telà ©fonos mà ³viles ya no son seguros - came from an article about the security of information transmitted over the airwaves. But in a different context, the same sentence might have been referring to whether such cellphones can cause cancer. Seguro as a Noun As a noun, el seguro can refer to a safe place in general, or more specifically as a safety latch or other device that keeps something or someone safe. (In some regions, it can refer specifically to a safety pin.) A seguro can also refer to an insurance policy, especially one covering health or protection for injuries. Muchos alpinistas prefieran los mosquetones con seguros de acero. (Many climbers prefer carabiners with steel screw locks.)El seguro casero se requiere en cualquier prà ©stamo casero. (Homeowners insurance is required for any home loan.)Tiene seguros especiales para que el bebà © se quede fijo a la hamaca. (We have special devices so the baby can remain attached to the hammock.) Related Words and Etymology Words related to seguro include asegurar (to assure, to insure, to secure, to make sure), segurar (a shortened version of asegurar), seguridad (security, safety), and seguramente (securely, surely, probably). Seguro comes from the Latin securus, which had a similar meaning. The most closely related English words are secure, sure, and security, although there is also a more distant relationship with secret (secreto in Spanish). Key Takeaways Seguro is related to the English word secure and usually is an adjective that conveys the idea of safety or security.In some contexts, seguro can convey the idea of certainty or usefulness.As noun, seguro often refers to insurance or a thing that provides for safety.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

A Tale of Two Cities Dialectical Journal

There was a belief during this time that the Germans and followers of the Germans believed that Jews were aliens, but I actually believe the Germans were the aliens. How they could go from being decent individuals, as stated in this quote, to being madmen who slaughter people for no good reason is utterly beyond me. The aliens must have taken over the minds of the Germans at this point in time. Its the only logical explanation | â€Å"Three days later, a new decree: every Jew must wear the yellow star. The yellow star? Oh well, what of it? You don’t die of it†¦. (Poor Father! Of what then did you die? † (6)| I find this quote to be quite sardonic. When you think about having something sewed onto your clothes such as a yellow star, you wouldnt think at all that it would kill you because, its not directly hurting you in any way. This is what the father, I think, meant when he said So what? Its not lethal But then, you look deeper and realize that the yellow star symbolizes all of these peoples faith and religion, which is whats ultimately the reason these Jews were being persecuted, because of this faith and the things they believed in, and this is why Wiesel added this slightly satirical comment in parentheses. â€Å"I wanted to come back to Sighet to tell you the story of my death. So that you could prepare yourselves while there was still time. To live? I don’t attach my importance to my life any more. I’m alone. No, I wanted to come back, and to warn you And see how it is, no one will listen to me†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (4)| This is when the harshness of what was taking place during the Holocaust first hit me in this book. This man has experienced and seen so much terror take place that he has lost his will to live. It makes me wonder how the Nazis could have lived with themselves after inflicting this kind of trauma into people’s lives (and taking lives, as well). This man feels his only purpose now is to save others from his terrible fate. It shocks me that someone could have been put through that much pain and suffering to the point of not caring about whether they live or not. | â€Å"Behind me, I heard the same man asking: ‘Where is God now? ’  And I heard a voice within me answer him: ‘Where He is? Here He is- He is hanging here on this gallows†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢Ã¢â‚¬  (42-43)| This shows all of the pure evil and hatred that the Nazis and Hitler poured out to the world. They were strangling God. Anything remotely good and wholesome was squashed immediately. God could no longer do anything to save Hitler and the monsters that followed him. They had bound him. For those monsters to have hung a child shows that their hearts are forever gone past the point of return. The poor child that they hung represents God. God’s love was suffocating throughout the world. So many cruel men (if you can consider them men, being the soulless, heartless beings that they were) were trying to destroy God. | â€Å"’There are eighty of you in the wagon,’ added the German officer. ‘If anyone is missing, you’ll all be shot, like dogs † (15) | This is just disgusting to me. Humans are being treated like a herd of animals. I do not understand how you can have such disregard for life. The German officer would not even think twice about killing the entire lot of them. He would not care that he just ended eighty lives, some of which would have been children’s. I am appalled that he would have the nerve to cruelly murder so many people because one person would have tried to escape from the hell they were in. I wonder how the officer would have felt if suddenly, the gun had been turned on him. | The night was gone. The morning star shining in the sky. I too had become a completely different person. The student of Talmud, the child I was, had been consumed in the flames. There remained only a shape that looked like me. A dark flame had entered into my soul and devoured it. (24)| This passage, I think, describes how much a person can change once he or she has been exposed to the many horrors present in the Jewish concentration camps. These people in these camps might have easily become mentally unstable, because they would witness murder and beatings every day; the suffering of countless people. The people themselves also had to endure unknown numbers of days in cattle cars and barracks, which could also have been traumatic. Seeing and experiencing all of these things can change a person, and the way they think. No longer is Elie the innocent child who wanted to study religion in his hometown, but now has to deal with the living hell of his mind, which has ultimately changed him. | What have you come here for, you sons of bitches? have hanged yourselves rather than come here. Didnt you know what was in store for you at Auschwitz? Haven’t you heard about it? In 1944? (20)| This passage surprised me in the severity and urgency of the mans words. But also, how could they have had a choice but to go there? The man stated this right as the Wiesels were entering the camp, and it almost acts as one of those common beware phrases you hear in movies, like when they warn the person before they intrude. Im also surprised that none of the new people entering the camp had heard of Auschwitz before, even though now its seen as one of the most well known Nazi concentration camps from the war. They might not have known about it because the Nazis were trying to keep all of the names of the camps and the happenings going on within them on the down-low, so that Jews (like the Wiesels) didnt know what was awaiting them and so didnt have time to run, and also maybe they tried to keep the camps a secret so that fighting forces didnt know much about them, either. | â€Å"Not far from us, flames were leaping up from a ditch, gigantic flames. They were burning something. A lorry drew up at the pit and delivered its load- little children. Babies! Yes, I saw it- saw it with my own eyes†¦ those children in the flames. † (21)| When I read this, I had to stop, go back, and reread it. I was in total disbelief. You would expect to hear of atrocities such as this in fictional tales of horror, not in actual history. And yet, it is true. Little infants were thrown into fire! How could anyone do that and not want to kill themselves because of their guilt? How could the people doing this have no emotion toward these babies at all! These children all had a place in the world, a life to live, dreams to fulfill, and so much more. Now, those budding lives and dreams have been turned into ash to be swept away by the wind. They could not even form words to cry out because they were so young. These babies were completely innocent and pure. They have never done anything to harm anyone. And they are being murdered. | â€Å"The passengers on our boat were amusing themselves by throwing coins to the ‘natives,’ who were diving in to get them. An attractive, aristocratic Parisienne was deriving special pleasure from the game. † (67)| This made me shake my head in shame, for this is a perfect example of getting pleasure ut of another person’s pain. This woman feels that she is inferior to these poor children, so she decides that she might as well mock their suffering while having some â€Å"fun† with it. This woman only cares about herself, and (whether the children see it or not), is rubbing it in the natives’ faces that she has a pleasant life while they are struggling. The fac t that she would use the children’s poverty and misery to amuse herself revolts me. How could this woman be so uncaring about these people? And then how could she dare to take it a step further by scoffing at their destitution. â€Å"Why, but why should I bless Him? In every fiber I rebelled. Because He had thousands of children burned in His pits? Because He kept six crematories working night and day, on Sundays and feast days? Because in His great might He had created Auschwitz, Birkenau, Buna, and so many factories of death? How could I say to Him: ‘Blessed art Thou, Eternal, Master of the Universe, Who chose us from among the races to be tortured day and night, to see our fathers, our mothers, our brothers, end in the crematory? † (44)| This quote, to me, represents lost hope in the last belief that the Jews have left. What do they have to be grateful for if their God, their Master of the Universe, has let them down? What do they have to be thankful for? What then are you living for? The Jewish people living in the camps still prayed to their God daily, because it was the only thing they felt like they still could do, still had some control over. Many of the people still whole-heartedly believed that the Gods were still with them, on their side, just putting them through some agonizing test to study how they react. The other side of this is that since so much misfortune had been cast upon these people, I can see why the few (like Wiesel) might be mad at God, and choose not to pray to Him anymore. They might think that their God had switched sides, and and even wanted them all gone. Whichever way you think about it, God played a huge role in the fate of the Jews. Its what killed the Jews, yet it also keeps them alive. | Survival in harsh conditions- The commandant announced that we had already covered forty-two miles since we left. It was a long time since we had passed beyond the limits of fatigue. Our legs were moving mechanically, in spite of us, without us. (58)| Throughout Wiesels journey from start to finish, Wiesel had to battle natures fierce elements. He described a time when all the inmates had to go through the showers, only to be driven out into the cold. They were stark naked and it was 30 or 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Another would be the death march. Wiesel marched through the snow and wind gusts. | We stayed motionless, petrified. Surely it was all a nightmare? An unimaginable nightmare? (20)| In these short sentences, Elie Wiesel describes how all of this seemed like a nightmare. A nightmare that you cannot wake up from. He makes the horrors of the Holocaust more understandable to us by relating it to a nightmare. We can imagine our worst nightmare, and imagine if it really was true? If it wasnt a nightmare, but real life? Its unbelievable. Elie Wiesel was standing in a line in a concentration camp, a boy of fifteen. The line led to death, to his grave. He was in line for the crematory. The smell of human flesh in the air. How could we imagine such a sight? It cant. The only thing that can be is perhaps our worst nightmare. | I’ve got more faith in Hitler than in anyone else. He’s the only one who’s kept his promises, all his promises, to the Jewish people. (53)| This quote is definitely one of the more memorable ones from this book. When people started losing sight of their God in the camps, because He had not been listening to their prayers or something, they didnt have faith anymore that He would follow through with anything. Unlike this, Hitler was always carrying out his promises to the Jews. He promised that they would be put in concentration camps. He promised that they most would be killed. He promised that they all would suffer. And so in this sense, people had more faith in what he said, because they knew that whatever he said would be the truth, and he would make it happen. | Someone began to recite Kaddish, the prayer for the dead. I do not know if it has ever happened before, in the long history of the Jews, that people have ever recited the prayer for the dead for themselves. (22)| People dont recite Kaddish for themselves in Jewish law, even when they know theyre about to die. They know that their family friends, and the rabbi will recite it for them. But in the Holocaust, the people knew that they were going to die. Everyone shared the same fate. Many had no one else to recite Kaddish for them. Reciting the Kaddish for themselves made them feel better because who will care enough to recite Kaddish for them? Their family was dying too. They couldnt recite Kaddish for them. | â€Å"Death wrapped itself around me till I was stifled. It stuck to me. I felt that I could touch it. The idea of dying, of no longer being, began to fascinate me. Not to exist any longer. † (58)| Elie is beginning to reach his breaking point. Death has come for him but has continued to fail. However, now, Elie is too tired to run, too tired to fight. Death is considered a gift to him. An escape from the hellish camp. | â€Å"I did not believe him myself. I would often sit with him in the evening after the service, listening to his stories and trying to hardest to understand his grief. I felt only pity for him. † (3)| | In the wagon where the bread had landed, a real battle had broken out. Men threw themselves on top of each other, stamping on each other, tearing at each other, biting each other. Wild beasts of prey, with animal hatred in their eyes; an extraordinary vitality had seized them, sharpening their teeth and nails. (67)| I think there is a level of desperation in which one loses sight of their humanity and turns to being instead a savage animal, as can be proven from this situation. To kill over a crust of bread? These people were getting so desperate to survive, they would do anything to keep themselves alive, even if it meant killing others in the same situation. This relates back to Hobbes theory of human natu re, and that it is that every one is cruel and barbaric at heart. I dont believe we are all this way by choice, but then when things get tough, we have no choice but to do whats in our own best interest. â€Å"The race towards death had begun. † (6)| Elie was aware of everything that was going on. He knew that every action and every word they said would count against them if they did something wrong. He knew that from that point on that everything was a competition and they had to be prepared whether they lived or not. | | | | | We were the masters of nature, masters of the world. We had transcended everythingdeath, fatigue, our natural needs. We were stronger than cold and hunger, stronger than the guns and the desire to die, doomed and rootless, nothing but numbers, we were the only men on earth. (58)| To be able to bring this empowering, inspiring, quote into the story was very uplifting to read. To realize that Wiesel still, at this terrible time, thought of the Jews as t he most powerful people he had ever known was so moving. He realized that these people who had been beaten, murdered, and tortured, were still standing for something so important, and that in the end, they would prevail. Because good always does. They were the strongest men alive. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pg 30 top of page| |

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Assignment Description Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Assignment Description - Research Paper Example In brief, this book is of very much help for both HR executives and students alike. 2. Joshi, G. Employee counseling-are we ready for it? Retrieved 20 April 2011 from http://www.123oye.com/job-articles/hr/employee-counselling-hr.htm This article draws attention to counseling as a trend that has immense impact on employees of an organization. The writer compares counseling to a tool that helps to achieve organizational goals. The importance of employee counseling is briefly discussed here in it. It also tries to mention the basic qualities of a counselor and how his advice should be. This work has simplified the complex and vague concept of counseling in to an interesting piece of writing which is easily understandable by all from various walks. 3. Yadav, L. B. (Ed.). (2000). Readings in Social and Labor Welfare. New Delhi: Anmol Publications PVT LTD. This book brings together rich information on all vital matters of labor as well as social welfare. This highlights the importance of g iving employee welfare the prime consideration. The historical development of the policy of labor welfare is elaborately discussed in this that it provides the reader with a clear cut idea about how it became as we see today. The structural frame work of employee welfare is well established so as to help an organization to develop a healthy atmosphere from existing working condition. 4. Roberts, G. (1997). Recruitment and Selection: A company Approach. UK: CIPD Publishing. This book serves as a helping material to the process of recruitment and selection. The writer has endeavored to bring in an analysis of all the fundamental aspects of recruitment and selection processes which will be of great interest and help for the students concerned. Still, the main aim of this book is to assist those people who are very much involved in the recruitment and selection trials of individuals at whatever levels; for, it provides practical guidance with sufficient coverage of issues. 5. Amstrong, M. (2000). Strategic human resource management: A guide to action. US: Kogan Page Publishers. This book is a broad compendium of human resource management definitions and explanations about aligning of strategies with organizational goals. Its main aim is to bring down the gap between decisions and actions by citing formulation of human resource strategies and ways of implementing them. This book is divided into four segments which represent the human resource management, the practicalities of implementing strategic human resource management strategies and organizational and functional strategies from practical point of view. 6. Callaway, P. L. (2007). The Relationship of organizational trust and satisfaction: An analysis in the US federal work force. Florida: Universal Publishers. This book is meant for professionals and students who are in the field of business management, organizational studies and human resource management. This provides an over view about what job satisfaction actually is. It cites trust and job satisfaction as of strategic importance. In the study conducted in seven selected US federal agencies, it indicates that if effective communication is done at proper times the top managements truly give their ears to the employees’ concerns and make no difference between males and females. 7. Hamlin, D. (August 8, 2009). Why the importance of HR manager should not be under estimated? Helium: Human Resources. Retrieved 20 April 2011 from